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Last modified: May 20, 2021.

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This website is a service offered by:

EUPRERA European Public Relations Education and Research Association A.I.S.B.L.
Boulevard du Jubilé 71, bte 3
1080 Brussels, Belgium

President: Prof. Dr. Angeles Moreno
VAT ID number 0478953039

EUPRERA is an international non-profit organisation governed by the Belgian law of June 27, 1921, as amended by the law of May 2, 2002.

Content management

The content for this website is provided by the European Communication Monitor (ECM) research team within EUPRERA, represented by Prof. Dr. Ansgar Zerfass, Leipzig, Germany.

Responsible for the content according to §55(2) RStV:

Prof. Dr. Ansgar Zerfass
c/o Leipzig University
Nikolaistrasse 27-29
04109 Leipzig, Germany
Phone +49 341 97 35040
Fax     +49 341 97 35049
E-Mail zerfass (at)


© Copyright by Prof. Dr. Ansgar Zerfass and the research team. The material presented represents empirical insights and interpretation by the research team.

All rights reserved. The content including pictures and tdata are subject to copyright protection and other laws for the protection of intellectual property. No dissemination or alteration of the content of these pages or of the frames or similar measures are permitted. Moreover, these contents may not be copied, disseminated, modified or made available to third parties for commercial purposes.  It is not allowed to use data from the ECM research to illustrate promotional material for commercial services. Publishing files from this website or ECM data on websites run by third parties (i.e. your own website, Youtube or Slideshare account) and storing documents in databases or on platforms which are only open to subscribers / members or charge payments for assessing information is prohibited. Please use a link to this official website instead.

Permission is gained to quote from the ECM surveys and reproduce any graphics, subject to the condition that the source including the internet address is clearly quoted and depicted in the captions or on every chart.


The information that is presented on this website is compiled and updated periodically. It is impossible to guarantee freedom from all errors. For this reason, we disclaim and exclude all liability or warranty with regard to the accuracy, completeness and up-to-dateness of the information provided on this website. This website also provides links to other websites. We disclaim all liability and warranty with respect to any information obtained from and your interaction with any website that you reach by means of a link from this website. These websites are operated by separate organizations. We are also not responsible for the data protection precautions of the operators of such websites. We urge you to check the privacy policy, terms and conditions disclaimers on such websites before using them.

In no event will the provider or content manager of this website be liable for any damages whatsoever arising out of the use, inability to use, or the results of use of this site, any websites linked to this site, or the content contained at any or all such sites, including but not limited to damages to computer system, data or any personal objects resulting from the downloading of material and/or data from this website .